March 9, 2018

‘Hidden jewel’ Saint Mary-of-the-Woods is now a national landmark

The Church of the Immaculate Conception at Saint Mary-of-the-Woods is one of 66 buildings, sites and objects of the Saint Mary-of-the-Woods National Historic District, a designation granted last fall by the National Register of Historic Places. (Submitted photo)

The Church of the Immaculate Conception at Saint Mary-of-the-Woods is one of 66 buildings, sites and objects of the Saint Mary-of-the-Woods National Historic District, a designation granted last fall by the National Register of Historic Places. (Submitted photo)

By Natalie Hoefer

ST. MARY-OF-THE-WOODS—When Katie Spanuello Rahman recalls the campus of her alma mater Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, she paints an idyllic picture.

“It was like living in a fairy-tale setting, with a marble staircase to ascend to my room” in Le Fer Residence Hall, says the 1993 alumna. “I always took great pride in the castle-like buildings and the surrounding natural beauty of the trees and the religious shrines on campus.”

Providence Sister Dawn Tomaszewski, a 1974 alumna, agrees. She is now general superior of the Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, who founded the college almost 180 years ago.

“One of the things people say all the time is, ‘This [property] is a hidden jewel,’ ” she notes of both the campus and the sisters’ grounds. “But we don’t want it to be hidden.”

Now that jewel is being held up for all to see—on a national level. Last fall, the grounds of the college and of the Sisters of Providence were listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) as the Saint Mary-of-the-Woods National Historic District.

A holy, educational, architectural legacy

The designation recognizes the national architectural, educational and historic contribution of the college and religious congregation, both founded in 1840.

“The status is not just about the architecture,” says Sister Dawn. “The place itself [must be] historic because of the people or the events that happened there.

“Well, we’ve had a saint walk here, and there’s the whole history of education here—the history of education for women is part of the legacy both of [Sisters of Providence foundress] St. Mother Theodore [Guérin] and all the sisters who have followed her.”

Since their founding, the Providence sisters established numerous parish schools in Indiana and Illinois, and went on to minister throughout the United States and in China, Peru and Taiwan.

The newly designated Saint Mary-of-the-Woods National Historic District is a far cry from the landscape encountered by Mother Theodore and her five companions when they arrived from France at the then-frontier town of St. Mary-of-the-Woods, a few miles west of Terre Haute, on Oct. 22, 1840.

“What was our astonishment to find ourselves still in the midst of the forest, no village, not even a house in sight,” wrote Indiana’s only saint in her diary.

Now, 26 buildings contribute to the 66 sites, structures and objects that comprise the 67-acre Saint Mary-of-the-Woods National Historic District.

The district includes well‑known structures like the Church of the Immaculate Conception and Le Fer Residence Hall. It also includes sites such as the sisters’ cemetery, and objects such as an outdoor Stations of the Cross.

Most surprising to Sister Dawn was the inclusion of buildings purely practical in use, yet still built in classic architectural styles of the late‑1800s and early-1900s: the water plant, the industrial garage, the fan house to cool the boilers, and even the horse stables.

“More surprising to me was Hullman [Science] Hall and the [Rooney] library, [both] constructed in the 1960s,” says Dr. Dottie King, president of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College. The NRHP experts “were very interested in those buildings. They said for the 1960s era these are fascinating, perfect examples of Mid-Century Modern [architecture].”

A marriage of two proposals

The effort for the designation began in 2013 as the college prepared to celebrate the 100th anniversary of two of its buildings.

In researching the structures, says King, “We learned how much determination was put into some of the architecture. We started speaking with a local representative of the Indiana [Landmarks western regional office], and it grew from there.”

In 2015 the Sisters of Providence joined the college in seeking designation of their own grounds as an historic district.

“We had a commission to renovate one of our larger buildings, Owens Hall,” says Sister Dawn. “But it turns out that because it was built in the 1960s, it’s historic. … We began some investigation … [and] married the two proposals.”

“It was fun to work on this [effort] together,” says King. “It’s symbolic of, while we’re more separate in terms of governance and finance, we still share the mission of Mother Theodore and the mission of all those who came after her.”

One of those who came after was Mother Mary Cleophas Foley, general superior of the congregation from 1890-1926.

“Of the 26 buildings [that qualified for the register], 17 were built during the administration of Mother Mary Cleophas,” says Sister Dawn. “She was very energetic. We call her ‘the builder.’

“The architectural projects [she undertook] were to really improve the programs and prestige of the college. It wasn’t about, ‘Wow! Look what we can build!’ It was about how can we praise God, how can we build a college that’s a tribute to Mother Theodore and the sisters who came before us.”

‘Come visit … and encounter Christ’

Helping to gather the history of the buildings for the designation process was Providence Sister Marie Grace Molloy, 85, who professed her first vows with the congregation in 1953. She now lives on the motherhouse grounds and works in the sisters’ archives.

Working in the archives “just gives you a sense of history, of what has evolved here,” she says. “You can go back and find out the whole situation of the times, who helped, just how much it cost to build some of the edifices.”

Sister Marie Grace is “really very happy that we are able to share [the historic district] with others, that people can come in and see what beautiful things have happened at The Woods.”

Providence Sister Theresa Clare Carr, 86, shares Sister Marie Grace’s joy in the historic designation. For the last year, the 67-year member of the congregation has lived at Providence Hall—the sisters’ convent and one of the designated historic structures.

“Since we had a presentation on the historic site, I have been taking walks, and I’ve been trying to observe everything that was said,” she comments. “I’m amazed how much wonderful architecture there is here besides the trees and the landscape.”

Rahman, who with her husband and their son is a member of St. Patrick Parish in Terre Haute, remained in the area after graduating from Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College.

“It was important to me to share this special place with my son, so ever since he was an infant, I have taken him to the campus,” she says.

“Now that he’s older, I am especially grateful and proud I have a place to take him, just minutes from our house, where he can see firsthand world-class architecture that is a national and historic treasure, and not only that, but to walk in the footsteps of a saint.”

Those footsteps are part of what make Saint Mary-of-the-Woods “sacred,” she notes.

“It was the mission field and is the resting place of St. Mother Theodore. Daily Mass is celebrated in the Church of the Immaculate Conception. Prayers are offered and candles lit at the Our Lady of Lourdes grotto. There are numerous Catholic shrines … .

“With the new historical designation, I pray that more people will come visit the campus and these holy sites, and in doing so, encounter Christ.”

(For a list of the buildings designated as a part of the Saint Mary-of-the-Woods National Historic District, go to

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