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Benedictine Brother Mauritius Honegger was a close witness to all of them, but not as a pilgrim in Rome like millions of people during those historic days.
At that time, Brother Mauritius was a member of the Swiss Guard, the 110-member armed forces of Vatican City whose primary duty is to guard the pope. (Related: The history of the Swiss Guard dates back more than 500 years)
Although he saw up close the events that mesmerized people around the world who watched them on TV and the Internet, Brother Mauritius’ heart was, at least in part, far from Rome.
At that time, he was discerning a call to religious life. And before the end of 2005, he finished his two-year commitment to the Swiss Guard and entered historic Einsiedeln Abbey, which is approximately 20 minutes from where he grew up in Switzerland.
Now a member of Einsiedeln Abbey, Brother Mauritius spent the past academic year as a student at Saint Meinrad Seminary and School of Theology in St. Meinrad.
Einsiedeln, which was founded more than 1,000 years ago, established Saint Meinrad Archabbey in 1854.
“It was a very enriching experience,” said Brother Mauritius of his time in the Swiss Guard. “For me, it was a privilege to be there to get to know the Church and to be in the center of the Church. I lived there closely with friends for two years. There are strong bonds that continue after we left.”
Since he grew up in Switzerland, knowing former members of the Swiss Guard is not unusual, Brother Mauritius said.
He learned about them as he grew up. And when he went to high school at Einsiedeln Abbey, he participated in a pilgrimage to Rome where he met with members of the Swiss Guard.
“Some of the Swiss Guards were former students of the high school,” Brother Mauritius said. “They showed us around. And so I became even more familiar with [the] Swiss Guard.”
He applied in 2003, and was accepted at age 19.
When he began his service in the fall of that year, he went through a month of training that included learning basic martial arts skills.
With Switzerland becoming an increasingly secularized country, Brother Mauritius said that men who seek to join the Swiss Guard usually already have a strong life of faith. It is not unusual then, he said, for members of the guard to discern a priestly or religious vocation.
“For the Catholic Church in Switzerland, the Swiss Guard is one source of vocations,” he said. “People who go to the Swiss Guard often are already interested in the faith. They go there during a crucial time in their lives when they are 20 years old, when they are really discerning what direction they want to choose for their lives.”
Brother Mauritius said that his time in the Swiss Guard prepared him well for religious life.
“The experience of those two years helped me see the Church as an international community,” he said. “And you’re there in a community of faith with other friends. You’re the same age. We also have our own chaplain, and there’s optional daily Mass. There are opportunities to practice your faith there.”
Benedictine Father Urban Federer, prior of Einsiedeln Abbey, visited Brother Mauritius in Rome when the former student of his monastery’s high school was discerning a religious vocation.
Father Urban saw many things in the Swiss Guard that can aid a young man’s vocational discernment. But there were challenges to this in the guard as well.
“He got to know people who were more interested in their own career than in the good of our Church,” said Father Urban in an e-mail to The Criterion. “All that helped him to get a realistic view of the Church, and to reflect his upcoming way of life.”
Other aspects of his life in the guard were equally difficult, Brother Mauritius said. A lot of the time, he just had to stand guard and do nothing else—for hours.
“When you work during the night, you don’t get much sleep,” he said. “It’s also boring if you’re there and nothing happens. People often only see the Swiss Guard in action. But the big part of the time, it’s not action. It’s boring.”
Persevering through the mundane duties that have to be done—even at the Vatican—was another means to help Brother Mauritius prepare for life as a Benedictine monk, according to Father Urban.
“He knows what it means to stand on the Piazza of St. Peter for hours without doing anything,” said Father Urban. “Therefore, he had to learn that everything has two sides: A nice one that can be seen by everybody—especially by the tourists—and another one he had to face personally. Such situations strengthen us in our vocation.
“We have to ask ourselves: Why do I really do that? What is the goal of all that? Brother Mauritius is aware of the wonderful way of monastic life—and he learned to face situations which are not easy. I think he did not enter the monastery because of a lack of alternative ways of life. He knows why he is here.”
Although the duties of the Swiss Guard can be a drudgery at times, Brother Mauritius witnessed history toward the end of his time in Rome.
On the evening of April 2, 2005, Brother Mauritius was preparing to go to sleep early because he had to be on duty at 4 a.m. outside the entrance to the apostolic palace where the pope lives.
He knew that Pope John Paul II was close to death, and could see from his barracks windows large crowds of people keeping vigil in St. Peter’s Square.
Just before he went to bed, one of his officers called to tell him that the pope had died. When Brother Mauritius asked him what he was to do, the officer said, “You sleep.”
When he arrived at the apostolic palace at 4 a.m., all was quiet. But he looked at the log that recorded all of the people who had come and gone from the pope’s residence just hours earlier, and saw a long list of some of the most prominent leaders of the Church.
A few days later, the casket that held the body of Pope John Paul was carried in a solemn procession from the apostolic palace to St. Peter’s Basilica, where millions of people would soon pay their last respects to the beloved pontiff.
Brother Mauritius was a member of the honor guard that accompanied the casket.
“I didn’t really realize what was going on because I had this assignment and I saw all these people,” he said. “I can’t really remember what I felt. It was overwhelming somehow.”
Later that month, the members of the College of Cardinals eligible to elect a new pope processed into the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican to carry out that solemn duty.
Brother Mauritius was standing guard at the entrance to that historic chapel as the princes of the Church walked past him.
“It was a really intense time,” he said. “So many things were happening. It was the first time in my life when a new pope was elected. It was really exciting to be there in the center of the Church.”
On the second day of the conclave, Brother Mauritius was on guard at the entrance to the Sistine Chapel when the cardinals left for lunch.
“I went into the chapel, and I took one of the sheets on which they would write who they would elect,” he said a bit sheepishly. “I have it as a souvenir.”
A few hours later when Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected pope and took the name Benedict XVI, Brother Mauritius was back in his barracks.
“I got the call that a pope was elected, and that we had to be ready,” he said. “When he appeared on the balcony, I was one of the Swiss Guards in the square.”
Unfortunately, he was on duty so far back that he couldn’t understand the announcement or recognize the new pope standing on the balcony. Another Swiss Guard came to him and told him the news.
A few days later, Brother Mauritius saw Pope Benedict up close. He was a member of an honor guard that stood at attention directly in front of the altar in St. Peter’s Square during the installation Mass for the new pope.
“It was the longest amount of time that I had to stand still,” he said. “The square was full. It was a special event.”
In the late summer of 2005, shortly before Brother Mauritius left the Swiss Guard to become a postulant at Einsiedeln Abbey, he was part of a contingent on duty at Castel Gandolfo, Italy, the pope’s summer residence.
“That’s the time when we are the closest to the pope because we live in the same building,” he said. “When we were [on duty], we could hear him play the piano and we could see him as he walked in the garden.”
One night, Pope Benedict had dinner with the members of the Swiss Guard. A Swiss religious sister who was a cook for the guardsmen knew that Brother Mauritius was in discernment, and had him lead his fellow Swiss Guards and the pope in prayer at the start of the meal.
The sister later told Pope Benedict that Brother Mauritius was going to become a monk.
“The pope asked me what monastery I was going to enter,” he said. “And he said that he had visited Einsiedeln in the 1950s. We had a short conversation, some small talk.”
Brother Mauritius professed simple vows in 2007, and solemn vows in 2010. He hopes to be ordained a transitional deacon and priest in the future.
He said coming to study at Saint Meinrad was beneficial.
“I visited several other Benedictine foundations,” Brother Mauritius said. “I have never traveled more than in this year. In learning about the history of Saint Meinrad, I learned a lot about the history of my own monastery.”
Benedictine Father Kurt Stasiak, prior of Saint Meinrad Archabbey, said having a monk from the monastery that founded his community study here was a blessing.
“We continue to enjoy a strong relationship with our Mother Abbey,” Father Kurt said. “Having a monk from Einsiedeln join us for a year on a pretty regular basis is one way of strengthening and developing that relationship.” †