November 12, 2021

Thirty-third Sunday in Ordinary Time / Msgr. Owen F. Campion

The Sunday Readings

Msgr. Owen CampionThe Book of Daniel provides the first reading for Mass this weekend. Michael, the “great prince” of the angels, is the center of attention (Dn 12:1). He is one of the few angels who is mentioned by name in the Scriptures.

Michael’s role in Daniel was to defend God’s people. In this role, he of course was God’s servant and instrument. Michael, along with the other faithful angels, appear as opposites of the devils, the fallen angels.

In this reading, Michael protects God’s people. The fundamental point is that God protects the good from everlasting death and defeat before evil.

The setting is very trying, a scene of great distress. Persecution, hardship and terror are everywhere. Some will die. The names of all will be recorded. The dead will awaken. Some will live forever. Others will be cast into eternal doom. Living forever will be the wise. The wise, in the Scriptures’ judgment, are not necessarily persons of high intelligence, but rather those able to perceive the greatness of God in all things.

For the second reading, the Church offers us a selection from the Epistle to the Hebrews. This book of the New Testament, majestic in its eloquence and deep in its message, extols Jesus. Drawing upon symbols in ancient Judaism, it describes Jesus as the one and eternal high priest. Jesus offered the ultimate and profound sacrifice.

One with God, Jesus sits at the right hand of God’s throne, judging the good and the bad. He has vanquished all enemies of God and of the right and just.

He sanctifies, or makes holy, all who have been perfected by their turning to God and by having had their sins forgiven.

St. Mark’s Gospel supplies this weekend’s third reading. Many scholars believe that this Gospel was composed in Rome. Some think that the author had connections with St. Peter. They wonder if the author of this Gospel might not have been a scribe, writing at the behest of the illiterate Peter.

In any case, the Gospel apparently was written in a time of considerable anxiety. Outright persecution lay menacingly on the horizon. Christians knew what it meant to be on wrong side of power in the Roman Empire. The empire played for keeps.

Maybe this experience led the Evangelist to include in the Gospel text the Lord’s words about great “tribulations” that his followers will experience (Mk 13:24). Difficult times already were upon Christians, more might come, but no power on Earth, not even the mighty Roman emperor, would be able to thwart God’s plan of salvation. Even if evil seemed to prevail, the heavenly forces of God would descend from the clouds in glory and transport the faithful to everlasting joy and reward.


The readings this weekend set the stage for next weekend, the great feast of Christ the King. They also address a situation as ancient in Christianity as the days of the Apostle Peter in Rome. They speak of the devout trying to live and to witness to the Gospel among the enemies of God, amid harsh times.

In fact, the readings put modern reality before us. Life on Earth is never a paradise. It certainly has never been a paradise for anyone loyal to God. At present, millions around the world cope with COVID. Storms and fires, oil spills and earthquakes beset us.

Bluntly, this world is no paradise. Every human is vulnerable. Enemies of God are active. Leading us astray in our own hearts are temptations from what has been traditionally described as “the world, the flesh and the devil.”

Just as real is the fact that nothing is strong enough to stand against God. He gives life—everlasting life. Jesus is God. Christians have nothing to fear for Jesus is their guide and protector. Next weekend, in this spirit, joyfully celebrate Christ the King. †

Local site Links: