November 29, 2013

First Sunday of Advent / Msgr. Owen F. Campion

The Sunday Readings

Msgr. Owen CampionWith this weekend, the Church begins its new liturgical year. In so doing, it also begins to use the A Cycle of readings at Sunday Masses.

This weekend’s first reading is from the first section of the Book of Isaiah. Isaiah is one of the most important prophecy books in the Hebrew Scriptures. It is inevitably eloquent and profound. It also is one of the longest books in the Old Testament, although it is actually a collection of three distinct works.

As often is the case with other prophets, Isaiah at times warned the people that if they did not return to heartfelt religious fidelity their doom was on the way. This is certainly a theme of this first section of Isaiah.

No prophet, however, including Isaiah, spoke warnings without expressing a most hopeful and faith-filled thought that God, the Almighty and merciful, would protect the people in the end.

After all, such was the promise of the Covenant. God had pledged to safeguard and secure the people, despite the stubbornness of the people and their fascination with sin, in spite of the catastrophe they brought upon themselves by sinning.

This weekend reading, the first Scriptural proclamation for Advent 2013, is a testament of this confidence and faith. God will judge the good and the bad. Such is the divine right. It is logical. Human behavior must be balanced against the justice and love that perfectly are in God.

It is not a tale of gloom. Sin is to be feared. Human faithfulness to God brings peace and reward.

St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans is the source of the second reading.

Paul always called upon Christians to live as authentic followers of Jesus. While stressing their need to be faithful models of Christ in human living, the great Apostle urged disciples to set their priorities by making eternal life with the Lord their uncompromised goal.

Paul also bluntly said that earthly life can end at any time for anyone.

The Gospel of St. Matthew provides the last reading this weekend. It predicts the final coming of Jesus. In reading this passage, it is important to remember that the Catholic Church teaches that proper reading of the Gospels requires realizing three perspectives: 1) The Gospel event in the actual time of Jesus; 2) The event as its implications came to be understood in the time when the Gospels were written, likely decades after Jesus; and, 3) The place that the event occupies in the general literary structure of the individual Gospel.

This is important when considering this weekend’s passage from Matthew. Likely composed a generation or two after Jesus, Matthew was written for Christians who yearned to be relieved of the burden, and indeed peril, of living amid harshly antagonistic circumstances. They pined for the second triumphant coming of Jesus, recalling the Lord’s own words. They earnestly believed that they would be vindicated when Jesus would come again in glory.


Advent, begun with the liturgies of this weekend, calls us to prepare for Christmas. Preparation is much, much more than addressing Christmas cards and decorating Christmas trees. It means working studiously to make the coming of Jesus into earthly life, commemorated on Christmas, a personal event because we admit the our Lord into our loving hearts.

So, especially in Advent, the Church calls us to be good Christians and to rid ourselves of anything standing in the way.

It calls us to set priorities. Regardless of Christmas 2013, Jesus will come again to earthly existence in a most glorious, victorious and final way. At that moment, where will each of us be? We must prepare ourselves for our Lord properly, beginning now. We must refine ourselves as honest disciples of the king born in Bethlehem. We must shape our lives accordingly. †

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