May 14, 2010

Solemnity of the Ascension of the Lord / Msgr. Owen F. Campion

The Sunday Readings

Msgr. Owen CampionThe date for celebrating the feast of the Ascension of the Lord is optional in this country. The decision is made by bishops of each Church province for that area.

These reflections are for the readings when the feast is celebrated on what otherwise would be the Seventh Sunday of Easter.

The Acts of the Apostles supplies the first reading, a story of the Ascension of the Lord from Earth into heaven. This passage begins Acts.

As with the Gospel of Luke, Acts seems to have been composed for one person whose name was Theophilus. It is not known if this was a proper name or a title. In Greek, “Theophilus” means “friend of God.”

Acts opens with a powerful message. Resplendent is the ascension of Jesus into heaven—the lifting of Jesus from earthly space and time to return to heaven.

This act of ascending, not of being assumed, reveals, as the Resurrection, that Jesus came from God, is with God, is eternal and possesses the power of God.

Other points are important. The reading gives the credentials of the Apostles. Jesus chose them, a divine act. The Holy Spirit came upon them.

Jesus taught the Apostles as no one else was taught. Jesus guided and directed them. They obeyed him. They witnessed the Ascension. They were specially trained because they had a unique mission, yet they were humans and confused.

But Jesus promised that the Holy Spirit would give them insight and wisdom. Indeed, the Holy Spirit came to them as the Church celebrated on Pentecost.

To underscore the divinity of Jesus and the Apostles’ mission, angels appear after the Ascension telling the Apostles to go forward with their mission to preach the Gospel, and to bring into the world the mercy, love and presence of God in Jesus.

The Epistle to the Ephesians, the source of the second reading, is a beautiful prayer asking God to give the followers of Jesus wisdom and perception.

God’s wisdom and strength, the reading states, will be distributed among the members of the Church. It counsels believers to put everything under the feet of Jesus, the head of the Church.

St. Matthew’s Gospel, the last reading, also offers an Ascension Narrative.

Jesus leads the Apostles to a place near Bethany. The Mount of Olives, traditionally said to have been the site of the Ascension, is near Bethany.

Jesus tells the Apostles that the Scriptures have been fulfilled. This, too, is proof of the divine identity of Jesus.

It also is proof of God’s communication with people through the centuries and of God’s mercy.

Matthew further establishes the Apostles as the chief witnesses and primary students of the Lord.

The Apostles watch the Ascension of Jesus then return to the city determined and committed to pray in the temple constantly, and to proclaim the praises of God.


The readings powerfully testify that Jesus is God. He rose again to life after being crucified and dying then ascended into heaven.

He was not “assumed” into heaven or taken to heaven. He went to heaven, breaking the bonds of Earth, with the power of God. However, Jesus did not forsake the people of the Earth then or in all the subsequent years.

The readings are strongly ecclesial, stressing the identity of the Apostles, who learned from Jesus. The Holy Spirit would come to guide them.

Important for us today, and for the continuing unfolding of salvation, the Apostles formed the Church, of which true believers are a part. Through the Church, in Christ, God lives and touches us still.

The Easter story and the story of salvation are approaching their climax. Jesus lives still in the Church. He has not gone away from us. †

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